Clash of Eagles: America’s Forgotten Mission to Ottoman Palestine
By Carol Lea Clark
Lyons Press, 2012
In 1848, shortly after the Battle of Vera Cruz, the American Navy sent a curious expedition, not south to the battle zone, but east to Palestine. Its mission was to explore the Jordan River and the Dead Sea. The expedition’s adventures included the following:
• Forging alliances with a Bedouin sheik and a Hashemite Sharif, thus turning potential enemies into allies.
• Employing camels to haul the expedition’s boats over primitive roads to the Sea of Galilee. Usually, camels were used only as pack animals.
• Navigating twenty plus rapids of the uncharted Jordan River.
• Deflecting a query by a Bedouin chieftain about possible American support of a Bedouin revolt against the Ottomans.
• Arriving at the Dead Sea in the middle of a storm that threatened to swamp the boats. Lynch’s quick instructions saved the boats and crews.
• Sounded the depth of the sea, collected scientific samples and mapped the contours of the shoreline. The maps created by the expedition are still referenced today for comparison to diminished water level of today’s Dead Sea.
• Touring holy sites in Jerusalem and its vicinity. Lynch’s descriptions of the city and its inhabitants provide a early American assessment of life in Jerusalem.